REFUGEES

DEFINITIONS

girl-2754233_1920.jpg
 

DEFINITIONS

Courtesy of the Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law

REFUGEES

A ‘refugee’ is someone who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, and who cannot return home because this would expose them to a risk of persecution. Countries have obligations under international law to protect refugees, as well as people fleeing other serious human rights violations, such as torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Recently, Australia has accepted about 15,000 refugees a year.

ASYLUM SEEKERS

An ‘asylum seeker’ is someone who is seeking protection but has not yet had their refugee claim determined by an official – in other words, they might be a refugee, but we do not yet know because no one has heard and evaluated their claim.

MIGRANTS

A ‘migrant’ is someone who chooses to move to another country, usually for work, education or family reasons. Whereas refugees are compelled to leave their countries, migrants do so voluntarily.

THE REFUGEE CONVENTION

The treaty outlining who is a refugee and how refugees ought to be protected first arose in the aftermath of the Second World War; since then 148 countries have bound themselves to apply its provisions.

The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (commonly known as the Refugee Convention) is the main international treaty concerning refugee protection. It was adopted in July 1951 and was initially drafted to meet the needs of European refugees in the aftermath of World War II. It applied only to people who had been displaced as a result of events occurring before 1 January 1951. It was supplemented by the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees (1967 Protocol), which removed the temporal and geographical limitations of the Refugee Convention, making it applicable to refugees all over the world. Countries that have ratified the Protocol agree to apply the provisions of the Convention as well. There are currently 148 States Parties to one or both of the Convention and the Protocol.   LINK HERE for more information

 

VIDEO RESOURCES

for clarification and information

 

VICTIMS OF WAR

Featured videos

Explore the topic of war through the eyes victims and observers:  


"This is how war starts" - Janine di Giovanni.  


"What did you take?" - Melissa Fleming.  


"Women, wartime and the dream of peace" - Zainab Salibi.  


"Our refugee system is failing. Here's how we can fix it." - Alexander Betts.


"Forgotten? Syria's children of war" - Save the Children.

VICTIMS OF POVERTY

Featured videos

Explore the topic of poverty: 


"The hidden reason for poverty that must be addressed" - Gary Haugen.   


"Being a refugee is not a choice" - Carina Hoang.


"Why do refugees take these kinds of risks?" - Melissa Fleming.


"Refugees have the right to be protected" - Antonio Guterres.

VICTIMS OF PERSECUTION

Explore the topic of persecution:  "Bosnian: stories of christian persecution" - Open Doors USA. "The "ethnic cleansing of Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims explained" - VOX.

Featured videos

VICTIMS OF GENOCIDE

Featured videos

Explore the topic of Genocide:  


"War and what comes after - Rwanda" Clementine Wamariya


"Rwanda's Genocide victims, perpetrators turned neighbours, friends" - 25 years on.

VICTIMS OF CLIMATE

Featured videos

Explore the topic of Climate refugees:  "Fleeing Climate Change" - DW Documentary.  


"Why Climate Change is a human rights issue" - Mary Robinson.

NOTEWORTHY BOOKS

for those wanting to delve deeper

 

currently under construction